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Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)

Articles describing the use


  1. Finlay AY, Khan GK.  Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI): A simple practical measure for routine clinical use.  Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 1994; 19: 210-216.


  1. Kurwa H, Finlay AY.  Dermatology inpatient management greatly improves life quality. British Journal of Dermatology 1995; 133: 575-578.


  1. Blackford S, Roberts DL, Salek MS, Finlay AY.  Basal cell carcinomas cause little handicap.  Quality of Life Research 1996; 5: 191-194.
  2. Finlay AY.  Measures of the effect of severe atopic eczema on quality of life.  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 1996; 7: 149-154.
  3. Harris A, Burge SM, Dykes PJ, Finlay AY.  Handicap in Darier’s disease and Hailey-Hailey disease.  British Journal of Dermatology 1996; 135: 959-963.
  4. Jemec GB, Wulf HC.  Patient-physician consensus on quality of life in dermatology.  Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 1996; 21: 177-179.
  5. Kent G,  Al-Abadie M.  Factors affecting responses on Dermatology Life Quality Index items among vitiligo sufferers.  Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 1996; 21: 330-333.
  6. Nichol MB, Margoilies JE, Lippa E, Rowe M, Quell J.  The application of multiple quality of life instruments in individuals with mild-to-moderate psoriasis.   Pharmacoeconomics 1996; 10: 644-653.
  7. Piletta P A, Wirth S et al.  Circulating skin-homing T cells in atopic dermatitisArch Dermatol 1996; 132: 1171-1176.


  1. Blackford S, Finlay AY, Roberts DL.  Quality of life in Behcets’ syndrome: 335 patients surveyed.  British Journal of Dermatology 1997; 136: 293.
  2. Finlay AY.  Quality of life measurement in dermatology: a practical guide.  British Journal of Dermatology 1997; 136: 305-314.
  3. Herd RM, Tidman MJ, Ruta DA, Hunter JAA.  Measurement of quality of life in atopic dermatitis: correlation and validation of two different methodsBritish Journal of  Dermatology 1997; 136: 502-507.
  4. Newton JN, Mallon E, Klassen A, Ryan TJ, Finlay A.  The effectiveness of acne treatment: an assessment by patients of the outcome of therapy.  British Journal of Dermatology 1997; 137: 563-567.


  1. Bagel J, Garland W T, Breneman D et al.  Administration of DAB 389 IL-2 to patients with recalcitrant psoriasis:  A double-blind, phase II multicentre trial. J Am Acad of Dermatol 1998; 38: 938-944.
  2. de Tiedra AG, Mercadal J, Badia X, Mascaró JM, Herdmann M, Lozano R.  Adaptación transcultural al Español del cuestionario Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI): el Índice de Calidad de Vida en Dermatologia.  Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas 1998; 89: 692-700.
  3. de Tiedra AG, Mercadal J, Badia X, Mascaró JM, Lozano R.  A method to select an instrument for measurement of HR-QOL for cross-cultural adaptation applied to dermatology.  Pharmacoeconomics 1998; 14: 405-422.
  4. Finlay AY.  Dermatology Life Quality Index: initial experience of a simple practical measure.    Chapter in: Care management of skin disease: Life quality and economic impact.  Editors: R Rajagopalan, E.F. Sherertz, R.T. Anderson.  Marcel Dekker, New York 1998 p85-94.
  5. Finlay AY.  Quality of life assessments in dermatology.  Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 1998; 17: 291-296.
  6. Grosshans E et al.  Evaluation of clinical efficacy and safety of adapelene 0.1% gel versus tretinoin 0.025% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris, with particular reference to the onset of action and impact on quality of life.  British Journal of Dermatology 1998; 139 (Suppl 52): 26-33.
  7. Iliev D, Furrer L, Elsner P.  Estimating the quality of life of dermatologic patients.  Hautarzt 1998; 49: 453-456.


  1. Augustin M, Zschocke I, Lange S, Seidenglanz K, Amon U.  Quality of life in skin diseases:  methodological and practical comparison of different quality of life questionnaires in psoriasis and atopic dermatitis.  Hautarzt 1999; 50: 715-22.
  2. Badia X, Mascaro JM, Lozano R.  Measuring health-related quality of life in patients with mild to moderate eczema and psoriasis: clinical validity, reliability and sensibility to change of the DLQI.  British Journal of Dermatology 1999; 141: 698-702.
  3. Linnet J, Jemec GBE.  An assessment of anxiety and dermatology life quality in patients with atopic dermatitis.  British Journal of Dermatology 1999; 140: 268-272.
  4. Lundberg L, Johannesson M, Silverdahl M, Hermansson C, Lindberg M.  Quality of life, health-state utilities and willingness to pay in patients with psoriasis and atopic eczema.  British Journal of Dermatology 1999; 141: 1067-1075.
  5. Mallon E, Newton JN, Klassen A, Stewart-Brown SL, Ryan TJ, Finlay AY.  The quality of life in acne: a comparison with general medical conditions using generic questionnaires.   British Journal of Dermatology 1999; 140: 672-676.
  6. Papadopoulos L et al.  Coping with the disfiguring effects of vitiligo.  British Journal of Medical Psycholog 1999; 72: 385-396.
  7. Poon E, Seed PT, Greaves MW, Kobza-Black A.  The extent and nature of disability in different urticarial conditions.  British Journal of Dermatology 1999; 140: 667-671.


  1. Ayyalaraju R S, Finlay A Y.  Inpatient Dermatology:  United Kingdom and United States similarities.  Chapter in Dermatologic ClinicsInpatient Dermatology.  Eds F A Kerdel, R S  Kisner. W B Saunders Co, Philadelphia Dermatologic Clinics 2000; 18(3): 397-404
  2. Czech W, Brautigam M, Weidinger G, Schopt F.  A body-weight-independent dosing regimen of cyclosporine microemulsion is effective in severe atopic dermatitis and improves the quality of life.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2000; 42: 653-659.
  3. Finlay A Y  Dermatology patients:  what do they really need?  Clin Exp Dermatol 2000; 25: 444-450
  4. Giess R, Naumann M, Werne E, Riemann R, Beck M, Puls I, Reiners C, Toyka K V.  Injections of botulinum toxin A into the salivary glands improve sialorrhoea in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.  J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2000; 69: 121-123.
  5. Halioua B, Beumont M G.  Quality of life in dermatology.  International Journal of Dermatology 2000; 39: 801-806
  6. Harlow D, Poyner T, Finlay A Y, Dykes P J.  Impaired quality of life in adults with skin disease in primary care.  British Journal of Dermatology 2000; 143: 979-982.
  7. Haynes M.  Examining day-case and in-patient psoriasis care.  Professional Nurse 2000; 16: 893-896.
  8. Hutchings CV, Shum KW, Gawkrodger DJG.  Occupational contact dermatitis has an appreciable impact on quality of life.  British Journal of Dermatology 2000; 143 (Suppl 57): 27.
  9. Jobanputra R, Bachmann M.  The effect of skin diseases on quality of life in patients from different social and ethnic groups in Cape Town, South Africa.  International Journal of Dermatology 2000; 39: 826-831.
  10. Kernick D, Cox A, Powell R, Reinhold D, Sawkins J, Warin A.  A cost consequence study of the impact of a dermatology-trained practice nurse on the quality of life of primary care patients with eczema and psoriasis.  British Journal of General Practice 2000; 50: 555-558.
  11. Klassen A F, Newton J N, Mallon E.  Measuring quality of life in people referred for specialist care of acne:  comparing generic and disease-specific measuresJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2000; 43: 229-233.
  12. Lundberg L, Johannesson M, Silverdahl M et alHealth-related quality of life in patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis measured with SF-36, DLQI and a subjective measure of disease activity.  Acta Derm Venereol 2000; 80: 430-434.
  13. Marks R, Plunkett A, Merlin K, Jenner N.  Atlas of Common Skin Diseases in Australia.  University of Melbourne, Melbourne 2000 p9, 15, 19.
  14. Shum RW, Lawton S, Williams HC, Docherty G, Jones J.  The British Association of Dermatologists audit of atopic eczema management in secondary care.  Phase 3:  audit of service outcome.  British Journal of Dermatology 2000; 142: 721-727.
  15. Thompson A K, Finn A F, Schoenwetter W F.  Effect of 60 mg twice-daily Fexofenadine HCI on quality of life, work and classroom productivity, and regular activity in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria.  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2000; 43: 24-30
  16. Vensel E, Hilley T, Trent J, et alSustained improvement of the quality of life of patients with psoriasis after hospitalisation.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2000; 43: 858-860.
  17. Zachariae R, Zachariae C. Ibsen H, Mortensen J T, Wulf H C.  Dermatology life quality index:  data from Danish inpatients and outpatients.  Acta Derm Venereol 2000; 80: 272-276.


  1. Drake L, Prendergast M, Maher R et al.  The impact of tacrolimus ointment on health-related quality of life of adult and pediatric patients with atopic dermatitisJ Am Acad Dermatol 2001; 44: S65-S72.
  2. Finlay A Y.  Psoriasis from the patient’s point of view.  Arch Dermatol 2001; 137:  352-353
  3. Hahn BH, Melfi CA, Chuang T Y et al.  Use of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) in a Midwestern US Urban Clinic.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2001; 45: 44-48.
  4. Hiltscher D, Boslet W T, Fuchslocher M et al.  Quality of life in patients with rosacea and rhinophymaAkt Dermatol 2001; 27:  391-394
  5. Ho V C Y, Griffiths C E M, Berth-Jones J et alIntermittent short courses of cyclosporin microemulsion for the long-term management of psoriasis:  a 2 year cohort study.   J Am Acad Dermatol 2001; 44: 643-651.
  6. Hutchings C V, Shum K W, Gawkrodger D J.  Occupational contact dermatitis has an appreciable impact on quality of life.  Contact Dermatitis 2001; 45(1): 17-20.
  7. Jemec BG B E, Kynemund L.  Time spent on treatment in dermatology – how much time do outpatients use and is it a measure of morbidity?  Acta Dermatoven APA 2001; 10:17-19
  8. Poli F, Dreno B, Vershoores M.  An epidemiological study of acne in female adults:  results of a survey conducted in France.  JEADV 2001; 15: 541-545
  9. Schafer T, Staudt A, Ring J.  German instrument for the assessment of quality of life in skin diseases (DIELH).  Internal consistency, reliability, convergent and discriminant validity and responsiveness.  Hautarzt 2001; 52(7): 624-628.
  10. Swan M C, Paes T.  Quality of life evaluation following endoscopic transthoracic sympathectomy for upper limb and facial hyperhydrosis.  Ann Chir Gynaecol 2001; 90(3): 157-159.
  11. Swartling C, Naver H, Lindberg M.  Botulinum A toxin improves life quality in severe primary focal hyperhidrosis.  Eur J Neurol 2001; 8: 247-52
  12. Touw C R, Hakkaart-Van Roijen L, Verboom P, Paul C, Rutten F F H, Finlay A YQuality of life and clinical outcome in psoriasis patients using intermittent cyclosporin.  Br J Dermatol 2001; 144: 967-972
  13. Von Der Werth J  M, Jemee G B E.  Morbidity in patients with hidradenitis urativa. 
    Br J Dermatol 2001; 144: 809-813.
  14. Williams T L, May C R, Esmail A, et al.  Patient satisfaction with teledermatology is related to perceived quality of life.  Br J Dermatol 2001; 145: 911-917.
  15. Williamson D, Gonzalez M, Finlay A Y.  The effect of hair loss on quality of life. 
    J Eur Acad of Dermatol & Venereol 2001; 15: 137-139.


  1. Boehncke W H, Ochsendorf F, Paeslack I, Kaufmann R, Zollner T M.  Decorative cosmetics improve the quality of life in patients with disfiguring skin diseases.  Eur J Dermatol 2002; 12(6): 577-580.
  2. Fivenson D, Arnold R J G, Kaniecki D J, Cohen J L, Frech F, Finlay A Y.  The effect of atopic dermatitis on total burden of illness and quality of life on adults and children in a large managed care organisation. J Managed Care Pharmacy 2002; 8(5): 333-342
  3. Gradwell C, Thomas K S, English J S, Williams H C. A randomised controlled trial of nurse follow-up clinics: do they help patients and free up consultants’ time?  Br J Dermatol 2002; 147: 513-517.
  4. Hachem J P, DePaepe K, Sterckx G, Kaufman L, Rogiers V, Roseeuw D.  Evaluation of key biographical and clinical parameters of skin barrier function among hospital workers.  Contact Dermatitis 2002; 46: 220-223.
  5. Helbling I, Ferguson J E, McKenna M, Muston H L.  Audit of admissions to dermatology beds in Greater Manchester.  Clin & Exp Dermatol 2002; 27: 519-522
  6. Hermansen S E, Helland C A, Finlay A Y.  Patients’ and doctors’ assessment of skin disease handicap.  Clin & Exp Dermatol 2002; 27: 249-250.
  7. Holme S A, Beattie P E, Fleming C J. Cosmetic camouflage advice improve quality of life.  Br J Dermatol 2002; 147: 946-949.
  8. Horn H M, Tidman M J.  Quality of life in epidermolysis bullosa.  Clin Exp Dermatol 2002; 27(8):  707-710.
  9. Jayaprakasam A, Darvey A, Osborne G, McGibbon D.  Comparisons of assessment of severity and quality of life in cutaneous disease.  Clin Exp Dermatol 2002; 27: 306-8.
  10. Kiebert G, Sorensen S V, Revicki D, Fagan, S C, Doyle J J, Cohen J, Fivenson D.  Atopic dermatitis is associated with a decrement in health-related quality of life.  Int J Dermatol 2002; 41: 151-8.
  11. Loo W-J, Lanigan S W.  Laser treatment improves quality of life of hirsute females.  Clin & Exp Dermatol 2002; 27(6): 439-441.
  12. Meurer M, Folster-Holst R, Wozel G, Weindinger G, Junger M, Brautigam M.  Primecrolimus cream in the long-term management of atopic dermatitis in adults:  A six-month study.  Dermatology 2002; 205(3): 271-277.
  13. Mork C & Wahl A, Polit R N.  Improved quality of life among patients with psoriasis after supervised climate therapy at the Canary Islands.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2002; 47: 314-36.
  14. Mork C, Wahl A, Moum T.  The Norwegian version of the Dermatology Life Quality Index:  a study of validity and reliability in psoriaticsActa Derm Venereol 2002; 82: 347-351.
  15. Thomson K F, Wilkinson S M, Sommer S, Pollock B.  Eczema: quality of life by body site and the effect of patch testing.   Br J Dermatol 2002; 146: 627-630.


  1. Ayyalaraju R S, Finlay A Y, Dykes P J, Trent J T, Kirsner R S, Kerdel F A.  Hospitalization for severe skin disease improves quality of life in the United Kingdom and the United States:  A comparative study.  JAAD 2003; 49: 249-254.
  2. Balkrishnan R, McMichael A J, Camacho F T, Saltzberg F, Housman Grummer S, Feldman S R, Chren M M.  Development and validation of a health-related quality of life instrument for women with melasma.  Br J Dermatol 2003; 149(3): 572-577.
  3. Bergstrom K G, Arambula K, Kimball A B.  Medication formulation affects quality of life: randomized single-blind study clobetasol propionate foam 0.05% compared with a combined program of clobetasol cream 0.05% and solution 0.0.5% for the treatment of psoriasis.  Cutis 2003; 72(5): 407-411.
  4. Campanati A, Penna L, Guzzo T, Menotta L, Silvestri B, Lagalla G, Gesuita R, Offidani.  Quality of life assessment in patients with hyperhidrosis before and after treatment with botulinum toxin:  results of an open-label study.  Clin Ther 2003; 25: 298-308.
  5. Carlin C S, Feldman S R, Krueger J G, Menter A Krueger C G.  A 50% reduction in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI 50) is a clinically significant endpoint.  J Invest Dermatol 2003; 121(1): 0393. and JAAD 2004; 50(6): 859-866.
  6. Chan J J, Gebeuer K.  Treatment of severe recalcitrant plaque psoriasis with single-dose intravenous tumour necrosis factor-alpha antibody (infliximab).  Australas J Dermatol 2003; 44(2): 116-20.
  7. Charman C. Chambers C, Williams H.  Measuring atopic dermatitis severity in randomized controlled clinical trails:  What exactly are we measuring?  J Invest Dermatol 2003; 120 (6): 932-941.
  8. Ellis C N, Mordin M M Adler E Y.  Effects of Alefacept on health-related quality of life in patients with psoriasis:  Results from a randomised, placebo controlled phase II trial.  Am J Clin Dermatol 2003; 4(2):  131-139.
  9. Finlay A Y, Salek M S, Haney J.  Intramuscular alefacept improves health-related quality of life in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis.  Dermatology 2003; 206(4): 307-315.
  10. Finlay A Y.  The impact of acne on quality of lifeJ Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 49: 133-135.
  11. Goffe B, Cather J C.  Etanercept:  An overview.   Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 49 (2): S105-S111.
  12. Gordon K B, Papp K A, Hamilton T K, Walicke P A, Dummer W, Li N, Bresnanhan B W, Menter A.  Efalizumab for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis: a random controlled trial.  JAMA 2003; 290(23): 3073-3080.
  13. Gottlieb A B, Matheson R T, Low N, Krueger G G, Kang S, Goffe B S, Gaspari A A, Ling M, Weinstein G D, Nayak A, Gordon K B, Zitnik R.  A randomized trial of etanercept as monotherapy for psoriasis.  Arch Dermatol 2003; 139: 1627-1632.
  14. Krueger G G, Callis K P.  Development and use of alefacept to treat psoriasis.   Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 49 (2): S87-S97.
  15. Leonardi C L, Powers J L, Matheson R T, Goffe B S, Zitnik R, Wang A, Gottlieb A B, for the Etanercept Psoriasis Study Group.  Etanercept as monotherapy in patients with psoriasis.  New England J of Med2003; 349 21: 2014-2022.
  16. Leonardi C L.  Efalizumab:  An overview.  Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 49 (2): S98-S104.
  17. Littenberg B, Partilo S, Licata A, Kattan M W.  Paper Standard Gamble:  the reliability of a paper questionnaire to assess utility.  Med Decis Making 2003; 23(6): 480-488.
  18. Loo W-J, Diba V, Chawla M, Finlay A Y.  Dermatology Life Quality Index: influence of an illustrated version. Br J Dermatol 2003; 148:  279-284.
  19. Mazzotti E, Picardi A, Sampogna F, Sera F, Pasqunini P, Abeni D,.  The Idi multipurpose psoriasis research on vital experiences (improve) study group.  Sensitivity of the Dermatology Life Quality Index to clinical change in patients with psoriasis. Br J Dermatol 2003 149(2): 318-322.
  20. McKenna S P, Cook S A, Whalley D, Doward L C, Richards H L, Griffiths C E M, Van Assch D.  Development of the PSORIQoL, a psoriasis-specific measure of quality of life designed for use in clinical practice and trials.  Br J Dermatol 2003; 149(2): 323-331.
  21. McPherson T.  Impact on the quality of life of lymphoedema patients following introduction of a hygiene and skin care regimen in a Guyanese community endemic for lymphatic filariasis: A preliminary clinical intervention study. Filaria Journal 2003; 2: 1
  22. Parsad D, Pandhi R, Dogra S, Kanwar A J, Kumar B.  Dermatology Life Quality Index score in vitiligo and its impact on the treatment outcome. Br J Dermatol 2003; 148; 2: 373-374.
  23. Pittler M H, Armstrong N C, Cox A, Collier P M, Hart A & Ernst E.  Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of autologous blood therapy for atopic dermatitis.   Br J Dermatol 2003; 148(2): 307-313.
  24. Reilly M C, Lavin P T, Kahler K H, Pariser D M.  Validation of the Dermatology Life Quality Index and the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment – Chronic Hand Dermatitis questionnaire in chronic hand dermatitis.  J Am Acad Dermatol 2003; 48: 128-130.
  25. Schmid-ott G, Burchard R, Niederauer H H, Lamprecht F,Kunsebeck H W. Stigmatization and quality of life of patients with psoriasis and atopic dermatitis.  Hautarzt 2003; 54(9): 852-857.
  26. Shikiar R, Bresnahan B W, Stone S P, Thompson C, Koo J, Revicki D A, Validity and reliability of patient reported outcomes used in psoriasis:  results of two randomised clinical trials.  Health Qual Life Outcomes 2003; 1(1): 53.
  27. Skoet R, Zachariae R, Agner T.  Contact dermatitis and quality of life:  a structured review of the literature.  Br J Dermatol 2003; 149: 452-456.
  28. Weisman S, Pollack C R, Gottschalk R W.  Psoriasis disease severity measures: comparing efficacy of treatments for severe psoriasis.  J Dermatol Treatment 2003; 14: 158-165.
  29. Woo P N, Hay I C, Ormerod A D.  An audit of the value of patch testing and its effect on quality of life.  Contact Dermatitis 2003; 48: 244-247.


  1. Aghaei s, Sodaifi M, Jafari P, Mazharinia N, Finlay A Y.  DLQI scores in vitiligo:  reliability and validity of the Persian version.  BMC Dermatol 2004; 4(1): 8.
  2. Augustin M, Wenninger K, Amon U, Schroth M J, Kuster W. Chren M, Kupfer J, Gieler U.  German adaptation of the Skindex-29 questionnaire on quality of life in dermatology:  Validation and clinical results.  Dermatology 2004; 209: 14-20.
  3. Blanch J, Rousaud A, Martinez E, De Lazzari E, Milinkovic A, Peri J M, Blanco J L, Jaen J, Navarro V, Massana G, Gatell J M.  Factors associated with severe impact of lipodystrophy on the quality of life of paints infected with HIV-1.  Clin Infect Dis 2004; 38(10): 1464-1470.
  4. Charman C R, Venn A J, Williams H C.  The patient-oriented eczema measure.  Arch Dermatol 2004; 140: 1513-1519.
  5. de Korte J, Sprangers M A G, Mombers F M C, Bos J D. Quality of life in patients with psoriasis: a systematic literature review.  J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 2004; 9(2):140-147.
  6. Feldman S R, Menter A Koo JY.  Improved health-related quality of life following a randomized controlled trial of alefacept treatment in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis.  BJD 2004; 150: 317-326.
  7. Finlay A Y Quality of Life Indices.  Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2004; 70: 144-149.
  8. Ganemo A, Sjoden P O, Johansson E, Vahlquist A, Lindbert M.  Health-related quality of life among patients with ichthyosis.  Eur J Dermatol 2004; 14(1): 61-66.
  9. Gottlieb A B, Evans R, Li S, Dooley L T, Guzzo C A, Baker D, Bala M, Marano C W & Menter A.  Infliximab induction therapy for patients with severe plaque-type psoriasis:  A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialJAAD 2004; 51(4) 534-542.
  10. Holm E A, Esmann S, Jemec G B E.  Does visible atopic dermatitis affect quality of life more in women than in men?  Gender Medicine 2004; 1(2): 125-130.
  11. Jenner N, Campbell J, Marks R.  Morbidity and cost of atopic eczema in Australia.  Australas J Dermatol 2004; 45(1): 16-22.
  12. Kaltwasser J P, Nash P, Gladman D, Rosen C F, Behrens F, Jones P, Wollenhaupt J, Falk F G, Mease P. Efficacy and Safety of Leflunomide in the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis and Psoriasis: a multinational, double- blind, randomised, placebo- controlled clinical trial. Arthritis & Rheumatism 2004; 50 (6): 1939 - 1950
  13. Kulthanan K, Jiamton S, Wanitphakdeedecha R, Chantharujikaphong S.  The validity and reliability of the Dermatology Life Quality Index  (DLQI) in Thais.  Thai J Dermatol 2004; 20(3):  113-123.
  14. Lennox R D, Leahy M J.  Validation of the Dermatology Life Quality Index as an outcome measure for urticaria-related quality of life.  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2004; 93(2): 142-146.
  15. Lewis V L, Finlay A Y.  Ten years experience of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)  J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 2004; 9(2):169-180.
  16. Meding B, Wallenhammar L-M, Lindberg M, Nyfjall M.  Health-related quality of life and hand eczema.  Contact Dermatitis 2004; 50(3): 152-153.
  17. Menter A, Kosinski M, Bresnahan B W, Papp K A, Ware J E Jr.  Impact of efalizumab on psoriasis-specific patient-reported outcomes.  Results from three randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trails of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis.  J Drugs Dermatol 2004; 3(1): 27-38.
  18. Meurer M, Fartasch M, Albrecht G, Vogt T, Worm M, Ruzicka T, Altmeyer P J, Schneider D, Weidinger G, Braeutigam M.  Long-term efficacy and safety of pimcrolimus cream 1% in adults with moderate atopic dermatitis.  Dermatology 2004; 208: 365-372.
  19. Mork C, Ozek M, Wahl A K.  Treatment or leisure?  Climate therapy of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.  Tidsskr NorLaegeforen 2004; 124(1): 60-62.
  20. Nettis E, Colanardi M C, Paradiso M T, Ferrannini A. Desloratadine in combination with montelukast in the treatment of chronic urticaria: a randomized, double – blind, placebo- controlled study. Clin Exp Allergy 2004: 4: 1401 – 1407.
  21. Rhee J S, Matthews B A, Neuburg M, Smith T L, Burzynski M, Nattinger A B.  Skin cancer and quality of life:  assessment with the Dermatology Life Quality Index.  Dermatol Surg 2004; 30(4): 525-9.
  22. Ruzicka T, Larsen F G, Galewicz D, Horvath A, Coenraads P J, Thestrup-Pedersen K, Ortonne J P, Zouboulis C C, Harsch M, Brown T C, Zultak M.  Oral Alitetinoin (9-cis-retinoic acid) Therapy for chronic hand dermatitis in patients refractory to standard therapy.  Arch Dermatol 2004; 140: 1453-1459.
  23. Sampogna F, Sera F, Abeni D; IDI Multipurpose psoriasis research on vital experience (IMPROVE) investigators.  Measure of clinical severity, quality of life, and psychological distress in patients with psoriasis:  a cluster analysis.  J Invest Dermatol 2004; 122 (3): 602-607.
  24. Szepietowski,J, Salomon J, Finlay A Y, Klepacki A, Chodynicka B, Marionneau N, Taieb C, Myon E.  DLQI:  Polish version.  Dermatlogia Kliniczna 2004; 6(2): 63-70.
  25. Tan S R, Whitney D T.  Pulsed dye laser treatment of rosacea improves erythema, symptomatology, and quality of life.  JAAD 2004; 51(4) 592-599.
  26. Uttjek M, Dufaker M, Nygren L, Stenberg B.  Determinants of quality of life in a psoriasis population in northern Sweden.  Acta Derm Venereol 2004; 84(1):  37-43.
  27. Wallenhammar L M, Nyfjall M, Lindberg M, Meding B.  Health-related quality of life and hand eczema – a comparison of two instruments, including factor analysis.  J Invest Dermatol 2004; 122(6): 1381-1389, JID 2004; 122(6): 1381-1387.
  28. Wang X L, Zhao T E, Zhang X O.  Assessment on the reliability and validity of the Dermatology Life Quality Index in Chinese version.  Zhonghau Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2004; 25(9): 791
  29. Wells M, Macmillan M, Raab, G, Macbride S, Bell N, MacKinnon K, MacDougall H,
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  18. Kondoh A, Ohta Y, Yamamoto K, Iwashita K, Umezawa Y, Matsuyama T, Ozawa A, Shinohara Y.  Feasibility of modified DLQI-based questionnaire for evaluation of clinical efficacy of herbal medicine in chronic skin diseases.  Tokai J Exp Clin Med 2005; 30(2):  97-102.
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  24. Moloney F J, Keane S, O’Kelly P, Conlon P J, Murphy G M.  The impact of skin disease following renal transplantation on quality of life.  Br J Dermatol 2005; 153 (3):  574-578.
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  26. Ongenae K, Van Geel N, De Schepper S, Naeyaert J M.  Effect of vitiligo on self-reported health –related quality of life.  BJD 2005; 152: 1165-1172.
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